Human trafficking involves recruiting, transporting or holding a person into a situation of exploitation through the use of violence, deception or coercion and forced to work against their will,in order to exploit them. People are trafficked into prostitution, pornography, agricultural and building labour, manufacturing, domestic servitude, forced begging, benefit fraud, petty criminality and organ removal. Trafficking happens in all parts of the world, both across international borders and within countries.
In other words, trafficking is a process of enslaving people, coercing them into a situation with no way out, and exploiting them.
People can be trafficked for many different forms of exploitation such as forced prostitution, forced labour, forced begging, forced criminality, domestic servitude, forced marriage, and forced organ removal.
When children are trafficked, no violence or coercion needs to be involved. Simply bringing them into exploitative conditions constitutes trafficking.
Trafficking for sexual exploitation gets much attention. However, the majority of people are trafficked into labour exploitation.
Many people who fall victim of trafficking want to escape poverty, improve their lives, and support their families. Often they get an offer of a well-paid job abroad or in another region. Often they borrow money from their traffickers in advance to pay for arranging the job, travel and accommodation.
When they arrive they find that the work they applied for does not exist, or the conditions are completely different. But it’s too late, their documents are often taken away and they are forced to work until their debt is paid off.
Video: What is Human Trafficking (IOMX.org) 5:54 m.
In a small town, people are dreaming: a man dreams of buying a house; a woman dreams of travelling; and an adolescent dreams of attending university. As each story plays out, we watch the devastating, step-by-step process of human traffickers taking advantage of these dreams. This five-minute animated video illustrates how human trafficking doesn’t happen all at once, but rather is a process of three elements: Act, Means and Purpose.
South Africa: Human trafficking is real! By I.O.M. – UN Migration 5:24m.
Human Trafficking: The Dark Reality part 1 – what is human trafficking?
What is human trafficking? We’ll introduce you to a Peterborough girl who thought she was falling in love… but was actually plunging into the world of sex trafficking.
Lindsay Biscaia reports.