Human Trafficking

Un réseau de proxénètes nigérianes condamné à des lourdes peines

La brigade de répression du proxénétisme de Paris a démantelé un vaste réseau de prostitution nigériane.  Lire plus. 

What is human trafficking

Human trafficking involves recruiting, transporting or holding a person by use of threats, coercion or deception in order to exploit them.  People are trafficked into prostitution, pornography, agricultu-ral and building labour, manufac-turing, domestic servitude, forced begging, benefit fraud, petty criminality and organ removal.  Trafficking happens in all parts of the world, both across international borders and within countries. Read more.













Many people who end up being trafficked are looking for legitimate work.  Traffickers prey on this desire and often deceive people into coming with them to another country with the promise of a good job.  Only on arrival do victims discover the truth as they are forced into prostitution or harsh illegal working conditions. All countries are affected by human trafficking.

Trafficking is a high profit business. In the 2016 ILO estimations mentions 20.9 million people are victims of forced labour globally. They are trapped in jobs into which they were coerced or deceived and which they cannot leave. Out of these, 4.5 million (22%) are victims of forced sexual exploitation, and 14.2 million (68%) are victims of forced labour exploitation in economic activities, such as agriculture, construction, domestic work or manufacturing. The remaining 2.2 million (10%) are in state-imposed forms of forced labour, for example in prisons, or in work imposed by the state military or by rebel armed forces.

The figure means that around three out of every 1,000 persons worldwide are in forced labour at any given point in time.

Women and girls represent the greater share of the total – 11.4 million (55%), as compared to 9.5 million (45%) men and boys. Adults are more affected than children – 74% (15.4 million) of victims fall in the age group of 18 years and above, whereas children aged 17 years and below represent 26% of the total (or 5.5 million child victims).

Turning to the regional distribution, the Asia-Pacific region (AP) accounts for by far the largest number of forced labourers – 11.7 million or 56% of the global total. The second highest number is found in Africa (AFR) at 3.7 million (18%), followed by Latin America and the Caribbean (LA) with 1.8 million victims (9%). The Developed Economies and European Union (DE&EU) account for 1.5 million (7%) forced labourers, whilst countries of Central, Southeast and Eastern Europe (non EU) and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CSEE) have 1.6 million (7%). There are an estimated 600,000 (3%) victims in the Middle East (ME)

An estimated €30.1 billion per year for the overall proceedings of trafficking. In some countries victims of sexual exploitation are sold by one trafficker to another, sometimes as little as €1000 each.